How can Nokia pull this off?
When it comes to space travel and moon landings in the past, you always hear about how so much can go wrong. Look at Apollo 13 for instance. Granted, technology has vastly improved in the past half century, but it still seems like a large feat to install a network on the moon. The network Nokia plans to implement will be designed for the moon’s distinctive climate, with the ability to withstand extreme temperatures, radiation, and even vibrations created by rocket landings and launches. The moon’s 4G network will also use much smaller cells than those on Earth, having a smaller range and require less power.
Nokia is partnering with Intuitive Machines for this mission to integrate the network into their lunar lander and deliver it to the lunar surface. The network will self-configure upon deployment and establish the first LTE communications system on the Moon. Nokia’s network equipment will be installed remotely on the moon’s surface using a lunar hopper built by Intuitive Machines in late 2022.
According to Nokia, the lunar network involves an LTE Base Station with integrated Evolved Packet Core (EPC) functionalities, LTE User Equipment, RF antennas and high-reliability operations and maintenance (O&M) control software. The same LTE technologies that have met the world’s mobile data and voice demands for the last decade are fully capable of providing mission critical and state-of-the-art connectivity and communications capabilities for the future of space exploration. Nokia plans to supply commercial LTE products and provide technology to expand the commercialization of LTE, and to pursue space applications of LTE’s successor technology, 5G.