Information Technology

Amazon Launches 3 AWS Outposts

What is the Amazon Outpost device?

Outpost is a physical device that you install in your office. It is a computer that runs the same software as Amazon Web Services (AWS) and allows you to access all of the same services and features. This makes it easy for companies to move their applications and data to AWS without having to re-architect or re-write anything.

An Outpost device is a physical server that you can use to launch EC2 instances, store data, and more. You can use it to extend your AWS environment into your own data center or colocation facility.

AWS Outposts are a new type of Amazon EC2 instance that you can use to run your applications on-premises. You can use Outposts to create a secure hybrid environment by connecting them with VPNs to your existing on-premises infrastructure. Outpost supports multiple Amazon VPCs, so you can create separate environments for different applications or business units.

Outposts are essentially AWS-branded hardware that customers can order from Amazon, and they will come in configurations that match the types and sizes of instances available on the public AWS cloud.

AWS Outposts are physical devices that give you the ability to run AWS services from your data center, office, or other on-premises location. This means that you can leverage the full suite of AWS services without having to worry about latency or connectivity issues. Additionally, Outposts provide a consistent experience and feature set across on-premises and cloud environments.

What is the AWS outpost used for?

AWS Outposts are a new service from Amazon that allows you to run AWS services on-premises. This means that you can now have the benefits of the AWS cloud without having to give up control of your data or infrastructure. Outposts are available in two versions: VMware Cloud on AWS Outposts and EC2 Bare Metal Instances. They can be used for a variety of different applications including financial services, manufacturing, retail, healthcare, telecoms, and media and entertainment.

AWS Outposts is a new product by Amazon that provides companies with the ability to run AWS services in their own data centers. The service is fully managed by AWS, which means that companies do not need to worry about monitoring, patching, or updating the service. This gives companies more flexibility and control over their infrastructure.

AWS Outposts are a way for customers to have AWS infrastructure in their own data center. These are particularly useful for customers who want to take advantage of the full suite of AWS services but also need to keep data on-premises for specific reasons. There are 18 different configuration options available for AWS Outposts depending on the specific needs of the customer.

Benefits of AWS outposts

AWS Outposts are a new service announced by Amazon that allows customers to run AWS services on-premises. This means that companies can have the benefits of using AWS public cloud, such as flexibility and scalability, while still having the data reside in their own data center. Outposts are managed by the same systems as AWS public cloud, which should make deployment and management easier for customers.

AWS Outposts are a new service that allows customers to run AWS compute and storage services on-premises. Outposts are in colocation facilities, which gives customers the flexibility to choose the location of their infrastructure. This can be helpful for customers who want to keep data on-premises or have latency-sensitive workloads.

How do AWS outposts work?

AWS outposts are a new service that allows companies to run AWS services on-premises. Outposts can be ordered from the AWS console in any of 18 supported regions, and they come in two types: hardware outposts, which are physical servers that you install in your data center, and virtual outposts, which are software-defined instances running in your own VMs or on bare metal.

AWS Outposts are racks that are delivered by Amazon employees and come fully populated and configured. They can be connected to your data center’s power supply and network, giving you the flexibility to run AWS and VMware workloads on-premises.

AWS Outposts are now available in three configurations to best meet the needs of your organization. Configuration options include Development and Test Usage, General Purpose Usage, Compute Intensive Applications, Memory Intensive Applications, Graphics Intensive Applications, and Storage options.

What are the basic services in AWS?

AWS offers a broad range of infrastructure services, such as computing power, storage options, networking, and databases. This allows businesses to build custom applications and websites, host their data, and more. AWS also offers a wide variety of features and services that can be customized to fit the needs of each business.

How do you get an AWS outpost?

Outposts are delivered as fully managed servers, storage, and networking hardware that are preconfigured to run specific AWS services.

An Outpost is an AWS-managed server that can be installed at a customer site in a supported region. Customers can use Outposts to run applications and services that are hosted on Amazon EC2 instances, AWS Lambda functions, Amazon ECS clusters, and Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (EKS) clusters.

First, you must create a site. Once you have created the site, you will need to answer a series of questions in order to be approved for an AWS outpost. The questions are meant to ensure that the outpost will be put to good use and that it will not impact other users on the platform.

You can choose an outpost configuration from the Outposts Catalogue.

Where is AWS outpost availability?

AWS Outposts are currently available in 5 regions: Europe, Asia Pacific, US East, US West, and Canada. They will be expanding to more regions in the future.

AWS Outposts are available in three regions: US West (N. California), AWS GovCloud (US), and Europe (Frankfurt). These are managed by the same systems as AWS public cloud, so customers can use the same APIs, tools, and consoles to manage their infrastructure.

AWS Outposts are physical servers that you can install in your own data center or colocation facility. They are managed by AWS tools, giving you the same functionality as if they were in an AWS Region. You can use them to run applications and workloads that are not currently supported on AWS, such as SAP HANA, Oracle Database, and Microsoft SQL Server.

What are AWS s3 outposts?

AWS S3 Outposts are a new product by Amazon that allows companies to have the benefits of cloud computing while still keeping their data within their own country. This is done by providing storage servers that are compatible with the AWS S3 storage service. This gives companies more control over their data and helps keep it within the country, which can be important for data sovereignty reasons.

How will you be billed for AWS outposts?

AWS Outposts are a new service that gives you the ability to run AWS infrastructure on-premises. You will be billed in the same way as you care for other AWS services. AWS takes care of monitoring, maintaining, and upgrading your Outposts for you.

There are three payment options for customers who want to use AWS Outposts. Customers can pay for the entire service upfront, pay for part of the service upfront, or not pay anything upfront and be billed monthly.

What AWS services are available on AWS outposts?

AWS Outposts is a new service that Amazon has launched that allows customers to run AWS services on their own premises. There are three different options for running AWS services on Outposts: EC2 instances, EBS storage, and ECS and EKS containers. This gives customers more flexibility in how they want to use AWS services.

HOW IS BLOCKCHAIN DISRUPTING THE CLOUD STORAGE INDUSTRY?

What is blockchain and why people are using it?

It is a distributed database shared through nodes of a computer network. Blockchain helps to store the information electronically in a digital format. Blockchain is known for being used in cryptocurrency systems, such as Bitcoin. It helps in creating a secure and decentralized record of transactions.

Blockchain claims to guarantee the fidelity and security of the recorded data and trust without involving a trusted third party.

In the blockchain, data is stored in sets known as blocks holding sets of information. These blocks have a fixed amount of storage capacity and are closely linked with the previous block, therefore, forming a blockchain. When new information needs to be recorded, a new block is formed and after the information has been recorded, the block gets added to the chain.

Traditionally in databases, data are recorded in tables whereas, in blockchain, databases are formed into blocks. Each block creates a timestamp in the data structure. When a block is added to the chain, as a result, it creates a fixed timeline of data result, data structure creates an irreversible timeline of data which becomes fixed in the timeline. 

Blockchain is preferred due to various reasons. 

Blockchain is used in transactional fields, being approved by thousands of computers. This helps in eliminating human involvement. Blockchain doesn’t require to have the verification process done by a human. Even if a mistake, due to being separate blocks, the error will not spread out.

Just like eliminating the need for humans to verify, similarly, blockchain removes any need for a trusted third-party verification and thus eliminates the cost that comes with it. When doing the payment, payment processing companies incur a charge but blockchain helps in eliminating them as well.

Information stored in the blockchain is not located in its central location. Information is spread throughout various computers. This step reduces the chances of losing data since if a copy of the blockchain is breached then only a single copy of the information will be with the cyber attackers and the whole network will not be compromised.

Blockchain provides quick deposits all day and every day. This is helpful if money needs to be transferred or deposited to a bank in different time zones. 

Blockchain networks are confidential networks and not just anonymous. When transactions are made using blockchain, a person with the internet can view the list of transaction history but the person will not be able to access any information about the use nor can the user be identified. 

To store in blockchain about the transaction, a unique key or a public key is added to the blockchain on behalf of the transaction detail recorded in the blockchain.

After the transactions are recorded, they need to get verified by the blockchain network. When information is verified by the blockchain network then the information gets added to the blockchain. 

Most blockchain is entirely open-source software. This means it can be accessed by anyone and can be viewed by anyone which enables to review of cryptocurrencies. Thus, there is no hidden information about who controls Bitcoin or how is it edited. Hence, anybody can suggest new changes, and later on, if companies accept the idea, then the idea will be updated.

Several types of industries have started adopting blockchain in their companies. 

What is cloud storage and why do people use it?

Cloud storage help businesses and consumers to have a secure online place to store data. Having data online allows the user to access the data from any location and also the data can be shared with those who have the authorization to access it. Cloud storage also helps to back up data so that data can be recovered even from an off-site location.

Having access to cloud services allows the user to have upgraded subscription packages which will allow the user to have access to large storage sizes and additional cloud services.

Using cloud storage helps businesses to eliminate the need to buy data storage infrastructure which will help the company to have more space on the premises. Having cloud infrastructure eliminates the requirement to maintain the cloud infrastructure in the premises since cloud infrastructure will be maintained by the cloud service provider. The cloud servers will help companies to up their storage capacity whenever required just by changing the subscription plan. 

Cloud enables its users to collaborate with their colleagues which means that the users can work remotely and even after or before business hours. This is because users can access files anytime if they are authorized to. Cloud servers can be accessed with mobile data as well therefore using cloud storage to store files will bring a positive effect on the environment since there will be less consumption of energy.

Therefore, by eliminating the need to have employees for the on-premises data center, the company can employ for the tasks which have higher priorities.

Cloud computing provides various services such as 

  • Infrastructure as a Service,
  • Platform as a Service,
  • Software as a Service.

Difference between blockchain and cloud storage?

Where data can be accessed through the cloud anytime, in blockchain, it uses different styles of encryption along with hash to store data in protected databases. 

In the cloud, storage data are mutable whereas, in blockchain technology, data are not mutable. 

Cloud storage provides services in three formats and in blockchain it eliminates the need to use a trusted third party.

Cloud computing is centralized which means that all the data are stored in the company’s centralized set of data centers where blockchain follows decentralization.

A user can choose their data to be either public or private or a combination of both but in blockchain, its main feature is providing transparency of data.

Cloud computing follows the traditional method of database structure data stored will reside in the machines involving participants. Whereas, blockchain claims to be incorruptible where online data registry is reliable with various transactions. This states that participants using blockchain technology can alter the data by taking necessary approval from each party involved in the transaction.

Following are the companies which provide cloud computing services:

Google, IBM, Microsoft, Amazon Web Services, and Alibaba Cloud.

Following are the projects which use blockchain technology:

Ethereum, Bitcoin, Hyperledger Fabric, and Quorum.

How is blockchain disrupting the cloud storage industry?

Mainly why blockchain is moving ahead with progress and is getting more preference is due to the fact that it is more secure due to the elimination of trusted third parties. Also keeping the data in a decentralized manner also makes the blockchain technology more secure. Not to forget that data gets secured in a block thus, cyber attackers can’t access the whole chain of data since they are separated and need different unique keys. Therefore, blockchain is less vulnerable to attackers and there is reduced systematic damage and widespread data loss. 

Also, it is next to impossible if someone wants to alter the data since the transactions are governed by a code and it is not controlled by a third party. 

Many companies have jumped to providing blockchain services along with their cloud services. That is because providing blockchain services cost less expensive as many small organizations collaborate and provide the shared computing power and space to store data. 

Following are some companies that are using blockchain technology, as per 101Blockchains:

Unilever, Ford, FDA, DHL, AIA Group, MetLife, American International Group, etc.

Salesforce has launched Salesforce Blockchain which is built on CRM software. 

Storj provides blockchain technology services enabled with cloud storage networks which help in facilitating better security and lowering the cost of transactions for storing information in the cloud.

A LOOK INTO FACEBOOK’S 2022 $34B IT SPENDING SPREE

FACEBOOK’S 2022 $34BN SPENDING
SPREE WILL INCLUDE SERVERS, AI, AND DATA CENTERS

First, Facebook changed to Metaverse and now it is expected to spend $34Bn in 2022.

Facebook recently changed to Metaverse and more. It is all over the news that the parent company of Facebook, Instagram, and WhatsApp is now
known as Meta. The name was changed to represent the company’s interest in the Metaverse.

Metaverse is a virtual world where similar activities can be carried out like on Earth. The activities carried out in Metaverse will also have a permanent effect in the real world. There are several companies from different types of industries who are going to take part in building a Metaverse. Every company will have its own version of Metaverse.

Various types of activities can be carried out like meeting with friends, shopping, buying houses, building houses, etc.

As in this real world, Earth, different country has a different type of currency for buying and trading, similarly, in the virtual world, Metaverse also needs a currency for transactions. For buying and trading in Metaverse, cryptocurrency will be required for the blockchain database. It also allows Non-Fungible Tokens as an asset.

To access the Metaverse, special devices are required such as AR and VR which will be able to access a smartphone, laptop or computer support the AR or VR device. Facebook has partnered with five research facilities around the world to guide AR/VR technology into the future. Facebook has its 10,000 employees working in Reality Labs.

Oculus is a brand in Meta Platforms that produces virtual reality headsets. Oculus was founded in 2012 and in 2014, Facebook acquired Oculus. Initially, Facebook partnered with Samsung and produced Gear VR for
smartphones then produced Rift headsets for the first consumer version and in 2017, produced a standalone mobile headset Oculus Go with Xiaomi.

As Facebook changed its name to Meta, it is announced that the Oculus brand will phase out in 2022. Every hardware product which is
marketed under Facebook will be named under Meta and all the future devices as well.

Oculus store name will also change to Quest Store. People are often confused about logging into their Quest account which will now
be taken care of and new ways of logging into Quest account will be introduced. Immersive platforms related to Oculus will also be
brought under the Horizon brand. Recently, there is only one product available from the Oculus brand, Oculus Quest 2. In 2018, Facebook took ownership of Oculus and included it in Facebook Portal. In 2019, Facebook update Oculus Go with high-end successor Oculus Quest and also a revised
Oculus Rift S, manufactured by Lenovo.

Ray-Ban has also connected with Facebook Reality Labs to introduce Ray-Ban Stories. It is a collaboration between Facebook and EssilorLuxotica, having two cameras, a microphone, a touchpad, and open ear
speakers.

Facebook has also launched a Facebook University (FBU) which will provide a paid immersive internship; classes will start in 2022.This will help students from underrepresented communities to interact with Facebook’s people, products, and services. It has three different types of groups:

FBU for Engineering

FBU for Analytics

FBU for Product Design

Through the coming year 2022, Facebook plans to provide $1 billion to the creators for their effort in creating content under the various platforms on brands of parent company Meta Company, previously known as Facebook.
The platform includes Instagram’s IGTV videos, live streams, reels, posts, etc. The content could include ads by the user. Meta (formerly, Facebook) will give bonuses to the content creators after they have reached a tipping milestone. This step was taken to provide the best platform to content creators who want to make a living out of creating content.

Just like TikTok, YouTube, Snapchat, Meta are also planning to give an income to content creators posting content after reaching a certain milestone.

Facebook also has a Facebook Connect application where it allows to interact with other websites through their Facebook account. It is a single sign-on application that lets the user skip filling in information by
themselves and instead lets Facebook Connect fill out names, profile pictures on behalf of them. It also shows which friend from the friend’s list has also accessed the website through Facebook Connect.

Facebook decides to spend $34Bn in 2022 but how and why?

Facebook had a capital expenditure of $19bn this year and it is expected to have a capital expenditure of $29bn to $34bn in 2022. According to David Wehner, the financial increase is due to investments in data centers,
servers, and network infrastructure, and office facilities even with remote staff in the company. The expenditure is also due to investing in AI and machine learning capabilities to improve rankings and recommendations of their products and their features like feed and video and to improve
the performance of ads and suggest relevant posts and articles.

As Facebook wants AR/VR to be easily accessible and update its feature for future convenience, Facebook is estimated to spend $10bn this and thus it is expected to get higher in this department in the coming years.

In Facebook’s Q3 earnings call, they have mentioned they are planning more towards their Facebook Reality Labs, the company’s XR, and towards their Metaverse division for FRL research, Oculus, and much more.

Other expenses will also include Facebook Portal products, non-advertising activities.

Facebook has launched project Aria, where it is expected to render devices more human in design and interactivity. The project is a research device that will be similar to wearing glasses or spectacles having 3D live map
spaces which would be necessary for future AR devices. Sensors in this project device will be able to capture users’ video and audio and
also their eye-tracking and their location information, according to Facebook.

The glasses will be capable to work as close to computer power which will enable to maintain privacy by encrypting information, storing uploading data to help the researchers better understand the relation, communication
between device and human to provide a better-coordinated device. This device will also keep track of changes made by you, analyze and understand your activities to provide a better service based on the user’s unique set of information.

It requires 3D Maps or LiveMaps, to effectively understand the surroundings of different users.

Every company preparing a budget for the coming year sets an estimated limit for expenditures. This helps in eliminating unnecessary expenses in the coming year. There are some regular expenditures that happen every for same purposes, recurring expenditures like rent, electricity,
maintenance, etc. and also there is an estimation of expenses that are expected to occur in case of an introducing new project for the company, whether the company wants to expand in locations or wants to acquire
already established companies. As the number of users in a company
increases, the company had to increase its capacity of employees, equipment, storage drives and disks, computers, servers, network
connection lines, security, storage capacity.

Not to forget that accounts need to be handled to avoid complications. The company needs to provide uninterrupted service. The company needs lawyers to look after the legal matters of the company and from the government.

Companies will also need to advertise their products showing how will it be helpful and how will it make the user’s life easier, which also is a different market.

That being said, Facebook has come up with varieties of changes in the company. Facebook is almost going to change even how users access Facebook. Along with that Facebook is stepping into Metaverse for which
they will hire new employees, AI to provide continuous service.

Windows 11 is Coming Soon. Here’s What You Need to Know.

After six years, Microsoft has decided to launch Windows 11 software on the 5th of October, 2021. Every computer is compatible with Windows operating system. Every upgrade of windows helps the user to get their work done more efficiently. They give a smooth user interface experience. 

Windows was what brought us more close to the internet. Windows helps us to create with our creativity, bringing out our artistic nature, it helps us in connecting with our loved ones, learn more and achieve what we are passionate about. 

Now, work from home is getting popular, working from home can get tiresome which is why Windows 11 will be very helpful for those who are required to deal with a lot in a short span sometimes.

All about Windows 11

While working on a PC or laptop, sometimes it becomes difficult to manage so many tabs, working with several matters and it feels tiresome while working. Windows 11 took care of these and now it has come with such great features that it gives a fresh experience to the user. It is like keeping separate matters separate without sharing the same place. 

It will make everything easy and better

It is now smoother while working and now even has more fresh experience. They have tried not to leave any area unmodified to put the user in control so that the user doesn’t face any boundaries while working. The user will be capable of customizing every area as per the user’s needs. The start has been kept in the center for easy to locate and search. The start will work along with cloud and Microsoft 365 to provide fast access to your files, which either be from the Android platform or the iOS platform.

Windows software platform has always tried to make the user interface as smooth as possible by allowing splitting or screens to use apps side by side. Windows 11, will benefit the users in these matters as, it has introduced Snap Layouts, Snap Groups, and Desktops which means the user will have more going on with ease. To move ahead in personal life or professional life, we have to multi-task.

Windows 11 even allows you to have different desktop screens. Yes! That means separate life can remain separated even in technologies. Office desktops will be separate from children’s school desktops and separate home desktops for family time. 

It brings you closer faster to everything that you care about

Like earlier days, we longer live along with our loved ones and sometimes we just want to instantly connect with them for support and just to check after their well-being. This windows 11 platform tries to make you feel closer to them and bring you closer to them no matter wherever you are or however busy you are. This software has tried to remove many barriers to bring you closer to your loved ones. You can connect with them even if they are Android, iOS, or Windows. It has a Chat taskbar from Microsoft Teams which now even allows two-way SMS if the person on the other end hasn’t downloaded the app. This way communicating to your loved ones will be fast just from the taskbar.

It not only takes care of users’ loved ones but will also take care of gamers

Gaming on electronic devices is no longer only played with two-player or with computers as an opponent. The technology changes made in the gaming experience are huge. Now, people gossip while gaming, it is like connecting with people even while gaming. Earlier when games used to pause while talking, now if they are playing together, they keep their voice on all the time. This, far away cousins or friends who have moved out of the country can still in some way play games together.

The OS of Windows 11 comes with more defined graphics, quick loading times, fewer lags with Auto HDR, colors look more exciting and inviting. Also, it still remains easy to access players as it was.

A faster way to connect with data and notification

If you need to be up-to-date about whereabouts and what is happening in the world, then the news and information just click away with widgets. 

Widgets are powered by AI and Microsoft Edge. While working, if you require to lookup for news, using widgets will be very beneficial. Instead of looking for news on a small mobile screen, the user can check their phone’s notification from the desktop itself.

New Microsoft Store 

Now, searching app is made easier. It is made simpler and rebuilt for speed. They are also introducing third-party apps like – Disney+, Zoom, and much more. Since the Microsoft store is the secure way to download applications, now downloading this third-party app is no more a worry since these are all tested for security by Microsoft.

Even android apps are introduced to Windows. Android apps will be downloaded from Amazon Appstore in the Microsoft store.

Implement a more open ecosystem to provide more opportunities for developers and creators

Windows Company welcomes app developers and Independent Software Vendors (ISVs). They want to provide an ecosystem that will benefit the users with secure and smooth access to apps, games, movies, shows, and web browsing.

Similar but a bit more security

Windows 11 has the same foundation as Windows 10 as well as consistent and compatible like windows 10 which is a core design tenet of windows. It has a more secure design, new built-in security. Windows 11 chip will protect the user from the cloud and provide more products and experiences. 

Just as with Windows 10, we are deeply committed to app compatibility, which is a core design tenet of Windows 11. We stand behind our promise that your applications will work on Windows 11 with App Assure, a service that helps customers with 150 or more users fix any app issues they might run into at no additional cost.

Will your device support Windows 11?

Following are the requirements:

  • 5G support  It will need a 5G capable modem if available.
  • Auto HDR It will need an HDR monitor.
  • BitLocker to Go It will need a USB flash drive (available in Windows Pro and above editions).
  • Client Hyper-V It will need a processor with second-level address translation (SLAT) capabilities (available in Windows Pro and above editions).
  • Cortana It will need a microphone and speaker and is currently available on Windows 11 for Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Spain, United Kingdom, and the United States.
  • DirectStorage It will need 1 TB or greater NVMe SSD to store and run games that use the “Standard NVM Express Controller” driver and a DirectX 12 Ultimate GPU.
  • DirectX 12 Ultimate Supports games and graphics chips.
  • Presence It will need a sensor to detect the presence of humans and distance from a human to a device.
  • Intelligent Video Conferencing It needs a video camera, microphone, and speaker.
  • Multiple Voice Assistant (MVA) It needs a microphone and speaker.
  • Snap It needs to have three-column layouts that require a screen that is 1920 effective pixels or greater in width.
  • Mute/Unmute from Taskbar
  • Spatial Sound It needs the support of hardware and software.
  • Microsoft Teams
  • Touch PC needs to support multi-touch.
  • Two-factor Authentication
  • Voice Typing With a microphone.
  • Wake on Voice
  • Modern Standby power will be needed.

Windows 11 Features

  • WiFi 6E
  • Windows Hello
  • Windows Projection
  • Xbox (app)
  • Cortana will not be present in the first boot experience or pinned to the Taskbar.
  • Desktop wallpaper can no longer move to or from the device when signed in with a Microsoft account.
  • Internet Explorer is now replaced with Microsoft Edge. It has IE Mode, which may be useful in certain scenarios.
  • Maths Input Panel is removed. It will be installed on demand 
  • News & Interests can be found on the widget’s icon on the taskbar. 
  • Quick Status from the Lockscreen is removed along with other settings.
  • S Mode is only available now for Windows 11 Home edition.
  • Snipping Tool is modified replaced with a previously known app as Snip & Sketch.
  • Start Named groups and folders of apps will not be supported and the layout is not yet resizeable.
  • Pinned apps and sites will not migrate while upgrading to Windows 11.
  • Live Tiles will not be available anymore. 
  • Tablet Mode will be removed with new functions and capabilities. It is included for keyboard attach and detach postures.
  • The taskbar will not customize areas of the Taskbar anymore.
  • The timeline has been removed. Although some similar functionality is available in Microsoft Edge.
  • Touch Keyboard will not affect keyboard layouts on screen sizes of 18 inches and larger.
  • The wallet is removed.

To know further whether your device is compatible with windows 11 or, either check with PC Original Equipment Manufacturer. Else, if your device is on windows 10 or it is on windows version 2004 or up, you can check with PC Health Check from the device’s setting.

Lastly

If you can’t upgrade to Windows 11 for some reason, it is still okay as windows 10 will still remain supported till October 14, 2025. Also, Windows 10 has the same security as windows 11 so it is as safe and secure as Windows 11. Another good news is that there is another feature update for windows 11 coming up later this year.

About DTC

DTC is a multidisciplinary consulting and engineering firm committed to executing lasting solutions for a changing world. Since 1979, DTC has implemented innovative design, planning, and management across the globe. We cover projects from start to finish — and we do so by employing a diverse set of experts experienced in providing engineering, environmental, and construction management services to meet our clients’ project needs. Our team is made up of specialized professionals from each discipline in the built world, including civil, structural, mechanical, electrical, plumbing, and fire protection engineering, as well as environmental, landscape architecture, and construction management services. We bring together each of these authorities under one roof to collaborate together and administer successful project results.

Open Source Software

Open-source Software (OSS)

Open-source software often referred to as (OSS), is a type of computer software in which source code is released under a license. The copyright holder of the software grants users the rights to use, study, change and distribute the software as they choose. Originating from the context of software development, the term open-source describes something people can modify and share because its design is publicly accessible. Nowadays, “open-source” indicates a wider set of values known as “the open-source way.” Open-source projects or initiatives support and observe standards of open exchange, mutual contribution, transparency, and community-oriented development.

What is the source code of OSS?

The source code associated with open-source software is the part of the software that most users don’t ever see. The source code refers to the code that the computer programmers can modify to change how the software works. Programmers who have access to the source code can develop that program by adding features to it or fix bugs that don’t allow the software to work correctly.

If you’re going to use OSS, you may want to consider also using a VPN. Here are our top picks for VPNs in 2021.

Examples of Open-source Software

For the software to be considered open-source, its source code must be freely available to its users. This allows its users the ability to modify it and distribute their versions of the program. The users also have the power to give out as many copies of the original program as they want. Anyone can use the program for any purpose; there are no licensing fees or other restrictions on the software. 

Linux is a great example of an open-source operating system. Anyone can download Linux, create as many copies as they want, and offer them to friends. Linux can be installed on an infinite number of computers. Users with more knowledge of program development can download the source code for Linux and modify it, creating their customized version of that program. 

Below is a list of the top 10 open-source software programs available in 2021.

  1. LibreOffice
  2. VLC Media Player
  3. GIMP
  4. Shotcut
  5. Brave
  6. Audacity
  7. KeePass
  8. Thunderbird
  9. FileZilla
  10. Linux

Setting up Linux on a server? Find the best server for your needs with our top 5.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Open-source Software

Similar to any other software on the market, open-source software has its pros and cons. Open-source software is typically easier to get than proprietary software, resulting in increased use. It has also helped to build developer loyalty as developers feel empowered and have a sense of ownership of the end product. 

Open-source software is usually a more flexible technology, quicker to innovation, and more reliable due to the thousands of independent programmers testing and fixing bugs of the software on a 24/7 basis. It is said to be more flexible because modular systems allow programmers to build custom interfaces or add new abilities to them. The quicker innovation of open-source programs is the result of teamwork among a large number of different programmers. Furthermore, open-source is not reliant on the company or author that originally created it. Even if the company fails, the code continues to exist and be developed by its users. 

Also, lower costs of marketing and logistical services are needed for open-source software. It is a great tool to boost a company’s image, including its commercial products. The OSS development approach has helped produce reliable, high-quality software quickly and at a bargain price. A 2008 report by the Standish Group stated that the adoption of open-source software models has resulted in savings of about $60 billion per year for consumers. 

On the flip side, an open-source software development process may lack well-defined stages that are usually needed. These stages include system testing and documentation, both of which may be ignored. Skipping these stages has mainly been true for small projects. Larger projects are known to define and impose at least some of the stages as they are a necessity of teamwork. 

Not all OSS projects have been successful either. For example, SourceXchange and Eazel both failed miserably. It is also difficult to create a financially strong business model around the open-source concept. Only technical requirements may be satisfied and not the ones needed for market profitability. Regarding security, open-source may allow hackers to know about the weaknesses or gaps of the software more easily than closed source software. 

Benefits for Users of OSS

The most obvious benefit of open-source software is that it can be used for free. Let’s use the example of Linux above. Unlike Windows, users can install or distribute as many copies of Linux as they want, with limitations. Installing Linux for free can be especially useful for servers. If a user wants to set up a virtualized cluster of servers, they can easily duplicate a single Linux server. They don’t have to worry about licensing and how many requests of Linux they’re authorized to operate.

An open-source program is also more flexible, allowing users to modify their own version to an interface that works for them. When a Linux desktop introduces a new desktop interface that some users aren’t supporters of, they can modify it to their liking. Open-source software also allows developers to “be their own creator” and design their software. Did you know that Witness Android and Chrome OS, are operating systems built on Linux and other open-source software? The core of Apple’s OS X was built on open-source code, too. When users can manipulate the source code and develop software tailored to their needs, the possibilities are truly endless.

How To Set Up A Zero-Trust Network

How to set up a zero-trust network

In the past, IT and cybersecurity professionals tackled their work with a strong focus on the network perimeter. It was assumed that everything within the network was trusted, while everything outside the network was a possible threat. Unfortunately, this bold method has not survived the test of time, and organizations now find themselves working in a threat landscape where it is possible that an attacker already has one foot in the door of their network. How did this come to be? Over time cybercriminals have gained entry through a compromised system, vulnerable wireless connection, stolen credentials, or other ways.

The best way to avoid a cyber-attack in this new sophisticated environment is by implementing a zero-trust network philosophy. In a zero-trust network, the only assumption that can be made is that no user or device is trusted until they have proved otherwise. With this new approach in mind, we can explore more about what a zero-trust network is and how you can implement one in your business.

Interested in knowing the top 10 ITAD tips for 2021? Read the blog.

Image courtesy of Cisco

What is a zero-trust network and why is it important?

A zero-trust network or sometimes referred to as zero-trust security is an IT security model that involves mandatory identity verification for every person and device trying to access resources on a private network. There is no single specific technology associated with this method, instead, it is an all-inclusive approach to network security that incorporates several different principles and technologies.

Normally, an IT network is secured with the castle-and-moat methodology; whereas it is hard to gain access from outside the network, but everyone inside the network is trusted. The challenge we currently face with this security model is that once a hacker has access to the network, they have free to do as they please with no roadblocks stopping them.

The original theory of zero-trust was conceived over a decade ago, however, the unforeseen events of this past year have propelled it to the top of enterprise security plans. Businesses experienced a mass influx of remote working due to the COVID-19 pandemic, meaning that organizations’ customary perimeter-based security models were fractured.  With the increase in remote working, an organization’s network is no longer defined as a single entity in one location. The network now exists everywhere, 24 hours a day. 

If businesses today decide to pass on the adoption of a zero-trust network, they risk a breach in one part of their network quickly spreading as malware or ransomware. There have been massive increases in the number of ransomware attacks in recent years. From hospitals to local government and major corporations; ransomware has caused large-scale outages across all sectors. Going forward, it appears that implementing a zero-trust network is the way to go. That’s why we put together a list of things you can do to set up a zero-trust network.

These were the top 5 cybersecurity trends from 2020, and what we have to look forward to this year.

Image courtesy of Varonis

Proper Network Segmentation

Proper network segmentation is the cornerstone of a zero-trust network. Systems and devices must be separated by the types of access they allow and the information that they process. Network segments can act as the trust boundaries that allow other security controls to enforce the zero-trust attitude.

Improve Identity and Access Management

A necessity for applying zero-trust security is a strong identity and access management foundation. Using multifactor authentication provides added assurance of identity and protects against theft of individual credentials. Identify who is attempting to connect to the network. Most organizations use one or more types of identity and access management tools to do this. Users or autonomous devices must prove who or what they are by using authentication methods. 

Least Privilege and Micro Segmentation

Least privilege applies to both networks and firewalls. After segmenting the network, cybersecurity teams must lock down access between networks to only traffic essential to business needs. If two or more remote offices do not need direct communication with each other, that access should not be granted. Once a zero-trust network positively identifies a user or their device, it must have controls in place to grant application, file, and service access to only what is needed by them. Depending on the software or machines being used, access control can be based on user identity, or incorporate some form of network segmentation in addition to user and device identification. This is known as micro segmentation. Micro segmentation is used to build highly secure subsets within a network where the user or device can connect and access only the resources and services it needs. Micro segmentation is great from a security standpoint because it significantly reduces negative effects on infrastructure if a compromise occurs. 

Add Application Inspection to the Firewall

Cybersecurity teams need to add application inspection technology to their existing firewalls, ensuring that traffic passing through a connection carries appropriate content. Contemporary firewalls go far beyond the simple rule-based inspection that they previously have. 

Record and Investigate Security Incidents

A great security system involves vision, and vision requires awareness. Cybersecurity teams can only do their job effectively if they have a complete view and awareness of security incidents collected from systems, devices, and applications across the organization. Using a security information and event management program provides analysts with a centralized view of the data they need.

Image courtesy of Cloudfare

Top 10 ITAD Tips of 2021

From a business perspective, one of the biggest takeaways from last year is how companies were forced to become flexible and adapt with the Covid-19 pandemic. From migrating to remote work for the foreseeable future, to more strictly managing budgets and cutting back. Some more experienced organizations took steps to update their information technology asset disposition (ITAD) strategies going forward. There are multiple factors that go into creating a successful ITAD strategy. Successful ITAD management requires a strict and well-defined process. Below are ten expert tips to take with you into a successful 2021.

1 – Do Your Homework

Multiple certifications are available to help companies identify which ITAD service providers have taken the time to create processes in accordance with local, state and federal laws. Having ITAD processes in a structured guidebook is important, but most would agree that the execution of the procedures is entirely different. A successful ITAD service comes down to the people following the process set in place. When selecting an ITAD partner, make sure you do your homework.

You can learn more about our ITAD processes here.

2 – Request a Chain of Custody 

Every ITAD process should cover several key areas including traceability, software, logistics and verification. Be sure to maintain a clear record of serial numbers on all equipment, physical location, purchase and sale price and the staff managing the equipment. The entire chain of custody should be recorded, as well as multiple verification audits ensuring data sanitization and certificates of data destruction are issued. 

Read more about how a secure chain of custody works.

3 – Create a Re-Marketing Strategy

Creating a re-marketing strategy can help ease the financial burden of managing the ITAD process. Donation, wholesale and business to consumer are the primary channels in the marketplace for IT assets. Re-marketing can greatly help pay the costs of managing ITAD operations.

4 – Maintain an Accurate List of Assets

Many organizations use their IT asset management software to create an early list of assets that need to be retired. Sometimes this initial list also becomes the master list used in their ITAD program. However, IT assets that are not on the network are not usually detected by the software. Common asset tracking identifiers used to classify inventory include make, model, serial number and asset tag.

5 – Choose a GDPR-Compliant Provider

Some of the biggest benefactors to emerge from the Covid-19 pandemic were cloud providers. However, selecting what cloud provider to use is critical. Find a cloud provider that allows users to access documents from a GDPR-compliant cloud-based server, keeping the documents within GDPR legislation. 

Learn More About How We Help Businesses Stay Compliant

6 – Avoid GDPR-Related Fines

Similar to the previous tip, it is important that data and documents are classified centrally, so employees can make legal and informed decisions as to what documents they can, or cannot, access on personal devices. Ensure GDPR policies are in place and adhered to for all staff, wherever they may be working. 

7 – Erase Data Off of Personal Assets

Hopefully in the near future, Covid-19 will no longer be a threat to businesses and regular life and work will resume. When that happens, it is wise to consider whether employees were using their personal devices while working from home. If so, all documents and data stored on personal devices must be erased accordingly. Put a policy in place for staff to sanitize their devices. This will help companies avoid being subjected to laws relating to data mismanagement or the possibility of sensitive corporate information remaining on personal devices.

Learn more about secure hard drive erasure.

8 – Ask the Right Questions

In the past, it was uncommon for organizations to practice strict selection processes and vetting for ITAD providers. Companies didn’t know which questions to ask and most were satisfied with simply hauling away their retired IT equipment. Now, most organizations issue a detailed report evaluating ITAD vendor capabilities and strengths. The reports generally include information regarding compliance, data security, sustainability and value recovery. 

9 – Use On-Site Data Destruction

Just one case of compromised data can be overwhelming for a company. Confirming security of all data stored assets is imperative. It is estimated that about 65 percent of businesses require data destruction while their assets are still in their custody. The increase in on-site data destruction services was foreseeable as it is one of the highest levels of security services in the industry. 

Learn more about our on-site data destruction services here.

10 – Increase Your Value Recovery

Even if the costs of partnering with an ITAD vendor weren’t in the budget, there are still ways you can increase your value recovery.

  • Don’t wait to resale. When it comes to value recovery of IT assets, timing is everything. Pay attention to new IT innovations combined with short refresh cycles. These are some reasons why IT assets can depreciate in value so quickly.
  • Take time to understand your ITAD vendor’s resale channels and strategies. A vendor who maintains active and varied resale channels is preferred. 
  • Know the vendor’s chain of custody. Each phase of moving IT equipment from your facility to an ITAD services center, and eventually to secondary market buyers should be considered.

4G on the Moon – NASA awards Nokia $14 Million

Cellular Service That’s Out of This World

As soon as 2024, we may be seeing humans revisit the moon. Except this time, we should be able to communicate with them in real time from a cellular device. Down here on Earth, the competition between telecom providers is as intense as ever. However, Nokia may have just taken one giant leap over its competitors, with the announcement of expanding into a new market, winning a $14.1 million contract from Nasa to put a 4G network on the moon.

Why put a communications network on the moon?

Now, you may be wondering, “why would we need a telecommunications network on the mood?” According to Nokia Labs researchers, installing a 4G network on the surface of Earth’s natural satellite will help show whether it’s possible to have human habitation on the moon. By adopting a super-compact, low-power, space-hardened, wireless 4G network, it will greatly increase the US space agency’s plan to establish a long-term human presence on the moon by 2030. Astronauts will begin carrying out detailed experiments and explorations which the agency hopes will help it develop its first human mission to Mars.

Nokia’s 4G LTE network, the predecessor to 5G, will deliver key communication capabilities for many different data transmission applications, including vital command and control functions, remote control of lunar rovers, real-time navigation and streaming of high definition video. These communication applications are all vital to long-term human presence on the lunar surface. The network is perfectly capable of supplying wireless connectivity for any activity that space travelers may need to carry out, enabling voice and video communications capabilities, telemetry and biometric data exchange, and deployment and control of robotic and sensor payloads.

Learn more about “radiation-hardened” IT equipment used by NASA in our blog.

How can Nokia pull this off?

When it comes to space travel and moon landings in the past, you always hear about how so much can go wrong. Look at Apollo 13 for instance. Granted, technology has vastly improved in the past half century, but it still seems like a large feat to install a network on the moon. The network Nokia plans to implement will be designed for the moon’s distinctive climate, with the ability to withstand extreme temperatures, radiation, and even vibrations created by rocket landings and launches. The moon’s 4G network will also use much smaller cells than those on Earth, having a smaller range and require less power.

Nokia is partnering with Intuitive Machines for this mission to integrate the network into their lunar lander and deliver it to the lunar surface. The network will self-configure upon deployment and establish the first LTE communications system on the Moon. Nokia’s network equipment will be installed remotely on the moon’s surface using a lunar hopper built by Intuitive Machines in late 2022.

According to Nokia, the lunar network involves an LTE Base Station with integrated Evolved Packet Core (EPC) functionalities, LTE User Equipment, RF antennas and high-reliability operations and maintenance (O&M) control software. The same LTE technologies that have met the world’s mobile data and voice demands for the last decade are fully capable of providing mission critical and state-of-the-art connectivity and communications capabilities for the future of space exploration. Nokia plans to supply commercial LTE products and provide technology to expand the commercialization of LTE, and to pursue space applications of LTE’s successor technology, 5G.

Why did Nokia win the contract to put a network on the moon?

An industry leader in end-to-end communication technologies for service provider and enterprise customers all over the world, Nokia develops and provides networks for airports, factories, industrial, first-responders, and the harshest mining operations on Earth. Their series of networks have far proven themselves reliable for automation, data collection and dependable communications. By installing its technologies in the most extreme environment known to man, Nokia will corroborate the solution’s performance and technology readiness, enhancing it for future space missions and human inhabiting.

What is I.T.A.D. ?

What is ITAD?

You may have heard some fancy term ITAD or SITAD being thrown around the IT world as of late. What is ITAD exactly? We’ll keep simple, ITAD is an acronym for Information Technology Asset Disposition. Some also refer to it as SITAD (Secure Information Technology Asset Disposition). In a nutshell, IT Asset Disposition is the process of disposing of obsolete, retired, or unwanted equipment in an environmentally friendly and responsible manner. ITAD service partners specialize in the processes related to disposing of and remarketing IT assets. Partnering with an experienced ITAD company can also help organizations focus on alleviating expenses as well as increasing the value of their used IT assets.

How can ITAD Benefit You?

IT Asset Disposition service providers can help you get rid of your surplus IT equipment or decommission your current data storage infrastructure. Not only can they dispose of it properly, they will help you get paid for it too! Once they purchase the equipment, they use their own personal end-user network to attempt to recoup as much value from your equipment as possible. There is a still significant life left in some equipment and it could benefit a growing organization that can’t afford to procure new equipment.

Learn More about Data Center Services Here

How does the ITAD Market Work?

The IT asset disposition market is a secondary IT market. It’s used by ITAD companies to remarket the used and retired assets they purchase. Many ITAD companies coordinate with other different ITAD companies to sell the equipment off to the highest bidder. Some ITAD companies rely on a large open network of buyers called broker bin. Others may speak to other ITAD companies directly, although most ITAD companies sell directly to end-users.

How Do I Choose the ITAD Partner Best for Me?

With hundreds if not thousands of ITAD companies existing today, it can appear overwhelming to know which one is best for what your company requires.

Here is a list of things you may want to consider when looking for an ITAD partner:

  1. Does your business have large amounts of inventory and need decommissioning services? You may want to choose a partner who provides:

2.     Does your business have a small amount of used inventory that you can ship yourself? You may want to consider a partner who offers:

3.     Does your business have extremely sensitive data on the equipment that needs to be decommissioned? You may want to think about a partner who has:

You should always be willing to get multiple quotes and get a feel for who works best for you and your organization. No ITAD provider is the same. It is essentially a partnership, should be treated as such.

If you’re in need of ITAD services for your used IT equipment,

LTO-9 Tape Technology (Pre-Purchase Program)

LTO-9 Tape Technology (Pre-Purchase Program)

Our LTO-9 Pre-Purchase Program allows anyone to pre-order LTO-9 tape technology before it is available. This is the ninth generation of tape technology that delivers on the promise made by the LTO Consortium to develop LTO tape technology through at least 12 generations. In an endeavor to deliver our customers the latest technology on the market, we are offering pre orders of LTO-9 tape technology. This gives our customers the best opportunity to receive the latest generation of LTO tape as soon as it’s available. LTO-9 is expected to be available in Fall 2020.

 How to Buy: CLICK HERE | or call us today @ 1-800-700-7683.

How to Sell: For those looking to sell your old data tapes prior to upgrading to LTO-9, CLICK HERE to submit your inventory and we will contact you back within 24 Hours.


LTO TECHNOLOGY FOR LONG-TERM DATA PROTECTION

LTO tape technology provides organizations with reliable, long-term data protection and preservation. With LTO tape drives, organizations can meet security and compliance requirements, while at the same time, save on storage footprint, power, and cooling costs, which can make a significant difference in operating costs for larger library environments.

LTO-9 FEATURED HIGHLIGHTS

  • Lowest cost per GB.

  • Tape offers lower power and cooling costs, plus a lower footprint leads to improved TCO.

  • Linear Tape File System (LTFS) support.

  • AES 256-bit Encryption – Military-grade encryption comes standard.

  • WORM technology – Makes data non-rewriteable and non-erasable, which acts as an immutable vault within your tape library to secure and protect an offline copy from ransomware.

LTO-9 vs. LTO-8

LTO-9 (Linear Tape-Open 9) is the most recently released tape format from the Linear Tape-Open Consortium, following the LTO-8 format which launched in 2017. LTO-9 is expected to double the capacity of LTO-8 to 60 TB compressed. LTO-8 provides 30 TB of compressed storage capacity and 12 TB of uncompressed capacity, doubling what LTO-7 offered.

Although, the LTO Consortium has not announced the data transfer rate for LTO-9 yet, LTO-8 features an uncompressed data transfer rate of up to 360 MBps and a compressed data transfer rate of up to 750 MBps. 

LTO-9 has a similar structure to LTO-8 in that tape drives are backward-compatible with one generation. Essentially, the LTO-8 tapes can read and write to LTO-7 tapes. LTO had typically been able to read back two generations and write back one generation. However, in LTO-8 the backward reading compatibility is limited to one generation. 

LTO-9 also features the same WORM, LTFS, and 256-bitencryption technology as the prior generation LTO-8.

Uses for LTO-9

LTO features high capacity, durability, and portability for a comparatively low cost. Archived data storage is not normally needed on an immediate basis, making tape a solid backup option. More commonly, backup data is used for restores in the event of an incident or data loss.

LTO-9 tapes housed at an off-site location are a fantastic option for disaster recovery. If an organizations main data hub has an incident, they can use the durable LTO9 tapes to recover their data. According to the LTO consortium, once data becomes less frequently retrieved, it should be migrated to tape. 

Tape is particularly useful in industries such as entertainment and healthcare that generate large volumes of data every day and require a long-term data storage option that’s less expensive than disk. As ransomware attacks stay in the headlines, tape provides an offline backup storage option immune to a cyber-attack. Data stored on an LTO-9 tape cartridge does not have to be connected to the network. This creates what is called an Airgap and creates a safety net from a cyberattack.

Pros and Cons of LTO-9 Tape

Tape capacity continues to expand. When LTO-9 launches, it will have enhanced the compressed capacity of the LTO tape products by almost 60 TB in roughly 10 years. As data levels continue to grow rapidly for many groups, capacity is one of the most important aspects of data storage media. Even the cost of tape is low compared to storing 60 TB on other storage media such as disk or flash. Particularly when taking energy and equipment into consideration as a constant energy source is not required to keep data stored on tape.

Other advantages of LTO-9 tape include:

  • A reliable generational roadmap that allows customers to count on a new product every few years, and a capacity that is not far off from the original estimate.

  • 256-bit encryption that guarantees security during storage and shipment. Its offline nature also serves as protection from ransomware and cyberattacks, creating an airgap.

  • A reputation of being extremely reliable, with a lifespan of roughly 30 years. The tape format is also portable, making it remarkably easy to transport.

LTO’s open format also allows customers to access multiple, compatible products. The open format offers intellectual property licenses to prospective manufacturers, leading to innovation and improvements. However, LTO products are not compatible with non-LTO products.

Depending on the amount of data you need to store, cloud storage can be less expensive than tape. In some instances, cloud backup providers provide a free option up to a specified volume of data. Cloud also offers random access, unlike tape. But restoration of data files can be slow depending on data volume and bandwidth.

Scroll to top